There is a case of monkeypox whose source of infection has not yet been determined. You need to know the Ministry of Health’s 6 epidemic prevention recommendations

Dong Nai has just confirmed the first positive case of monkeypox in the area. At present, the source of infection of the case has not been determined. In our country, according to the Ministry of Health, monkeypox is a group B infectious disease.
Regarding this case of monkeypox , according to the epidemiological investigation report of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) Dong Nai, it is a male patient, 25 years old, residing in Xuan Truong commune, H. Xuan Loc.

According to the epidemiological investigation report, the patient went to work in Ho Chi Minh City from the afternoon of September 2. On September 17, the patient started getting sick and had symptoms of fever, chills, sweating, itching, and pustules on the genitals. The patient went for examination and treatment at a private clinic (address unknown) but her condition did not improve.

On September 22, the patient went to the Ho Chi Minh City Dermatology Hospital for examination, noting that the fever was gone, there was still itching, and additional symptoms such as inguinal lymph nodes, pus-like rashes on the face, oral mucosa, palms, etc. legs, genitals. Suspecting that the patient was infected with monkeypox, Ho Chi Minh City Dermatology Hospital took a sample to send to the Pasteur Institute of Ho Chi Minh City and tested positive for monkeypox virus.

CDC Dong Nai has instructed cases of contact with patients to monitor their health, and if they have unusual symptoms, they must immediately report to the health care provider or local authorities. Dong Nai CDC also coordinates with Ho Chi Minh City HCDC to continue investigating the case’s contact history with colleagues and surrounding relatives from September 17 to present.

Before the onset of the disease, the patient had contact with his girlfriend in Binh Duong and this person also had symptoms of monkeypox. Therefore, CDC of Dong Nai province transferred information about the case of the patient’s girlfriend (NTL) to CDC of Binh Duong province for verification, investigation, and handling.

Regarding monkeypox, Decision No. 3044/QD-BYT of the Ministry of Health added monkeypox to the list of group B infectious diseases – including dangerous infectious diseases capable of rapid transmission. and potentially fatal include adenovirus, human immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), diphtheria, influenza, rabies, whooping cough, tuberculosis, dengue fever , malaria, measles, hand, foot and mouth disease, chickenpox…

Monkey pox is not a new disease, first recorded in 1958 in monkeys raised for research.

The first case of the disease in humans was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and since then monkeypox in humans has become endemic in Central Africa and West Africa.

The incubation period is usually 6-13 days, but can range from 5-21 days. Symptoms may vary depending on the stage of the disease, but are similar to smallpox.

Common symptoms include: fever, headache, muscle pain, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, fatigue, rash that can look like blisters appearing on the face, inside the mouth or in the mouth. other body parts such as hands, feet, breasts, genitals or anus. The disease can heal on its own within 2-3 weeks.

In Vietnam, a number of cases of monkeypox have been recorded recently, however, the authorities have quickly implemented solutions to prevent the epidemic to prevent it from spreading.

To proactively prevent monkeypox epidemic in our country, the Ministry of Health has issued recommendations for people to proactively implement the following disease prevention measures:

  1. Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, preferably with a cloth or handkerchief or disposable tissue or sleeve to reduce the spread of respiratory secretions; Wash your hands with soap and clean water or antiseptic solution immediately after coughing or sneezing. Do not spit indiscriminately in public places.
  2. Regularly wash your hands with soap and clean water or hand sanitizer.
  3. People with symptoms of an acute rash of unknown cause accompanied by one or more suspicious symptoms should proactively contact a medical facility for timely monitoring and advice. At the same time, it is necessary to proactively self-isolate and avoid sexual intercourse.
  4. Avoid close contact with people infected with monkeypox, avoid direct contact with wounds, body fluids, droplets and objects and utensils contaminated with pathogens. In case someone has or is suspected of having the disease at their residence/workplace, it is necessary to notify the health authority for timely advice and treatment, and do not arbitrarily treat it.
  5. People traveling to countries where monkeypox is endemic (Central and West Africa), should avoid contact with mammals (dead or alive) such as: rodents, marsupials, Primates may harbor monkeypox virus. When returning to Vietnam, you need to proactively declare to the local health authority for advice.
  6. Ensure food safety; practice a healthy lifestyle, increase physical activity, and improve health.


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